Disciplina Discipline FLH5641
Conhecimento na Antiga Mesopotâmia - O Período Babilônico Antigo (c. 2000-1600 BCE)

Knowledge in Ancient Mesopotamia – The Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 BCE)

Área de Concentração: 8138

Concentration area: 8138

Criação: 16/08/2022

Creation: 16/08/2022

Ativação: 16/08/2022

Activation: 16/08/2022

Nr. de Créditos: 2

Credits: 2

Carga Horária:

Workload:

Teórica

(por semana)

Theory

(weekly)

Prática

(por semana)

Practice

(weekly)

Estudos

(por semana)

Study

(weekly)

Duração Duration Total Total
10 10 10 1 semanas 1 weeks 30 horas 30 hours

Docentes Responsáveis:

Professors:

Marcelo Aparecido Rede

Robert Middeke-conlin

Objetivos:

Objectives:

This course intends to present an image of knowledge as it existed in the Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 BCE) in southern Iraq, what will eventually become the state of Babylon. Knowledge is a broad topic to be sure. Yet, it is possible to understand knowledge in a society by examining the nature of the knowledge systems in question, as well as the knowledge economies in which these systems are fostered and passed down. With this in mind, the course will be divided into four sessions: Initial focus will be on human cognition, numbers, and writing in order to lay the background for the early development of Mesopotamian thought. The participant will learn about the role of writing and mathematics as relatively new inventions, and how these developed over time in the lead up to the Old Babylonian period. Session two will transition to the different environments in which scribal education took place and what was learned. We will see two primary focuses in schools across the region: lexicography and mathematics. From there, session three will explore the applicability of these ancient educations. Focus will start with evidence for the utility of education in professional environments, from merchants to engineers, and then shift to the esoteric, examining intellectual activities. The final session will explore the impact of Old Babylonian thought on the places around southern Mesopotamia and the periods following.

Justificativa:

Rationale:

Every society has its own knowledge systems. A recent phenomenon is the view of one, singular knowledge system, which takes the shape of scientific inquiry. Complete uniformity is, however, never the rule – not even today. This course will afford the participants a framework to investigate knowledge and society, developing vocabulary, concepts, and recent developments in the history of science to examine an ancient and complex society’s interactions with the natural world around it. The participant will gain insights into what knowledge is and may be, and then how it can be explored.

Conteúdo:

• Sessão 1: a evolução do conhecimento • Sessão 2: uma sociedade fraturada • Sessão 3: lugares de conhecimento • Sessão 4: mudança e troca

Content:

• Session 1: the evolution of knowledge • Session 2: a fractured society • Session 3: places of knowledge • Session 4: change and exchange

Forma de Avaliação:

Type of Assessment:

Students will be assigned a written essay on a topic proposed by the lecturer.

Bibliografia:

Asper, Markus. 2009. "Chapter 2.1: The two cultures of mathematics in ancient Greece." In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics, edited by Eleanor Robson and Jackueline Stedall, 107-132. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cancik-Kirschbaum, E. 2012. "Writing, Language and Textuality: Conditions for the Transmission of Knowledge in the Ancient Near East." In The Globalization of Knowledge in History, edited by J. Renn, In Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge Studies 1, 125-151. Berlin: Edition Open Access. Delnero, Paul. 2012. "Memorization and the Transmission of Sumerian Literary Compositions." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 71: 189-208. Delnero, P. 2013. "Translating the Untranslatable: The Role of Akkadian in the Sumerian Liturgical Corpus." Plenary Talk: Session on Translation, American Oriental Society Annual Meeting. Held in Portland, Or, March 18, 2013. Jones, A. 2015. "Transmission of Babylonian Astronomy to Other Cultures." In Handbook of Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy,, edited by Clive L.N. Ruggles, 1877-1881. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. Høyrup, J. 2012. "A hypothetical history of Old Babylonian mathematics: places, passages, stages, development." Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Preprint 436: 1-20. Michel, Cécile, Robert Middeke-Conlin, and Christine Proust. 2020. "Chapter 2 A Comparative Study of Prices and Wages in Royal Inscriptions, Administrative Texts and Mathematical Texts in the Old Babylonian Kingdom of Larsa." In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Karine Chemla and Cécile Michel, In Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 51-80. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020a. "Planning a canal maintenance project in the kingdoms of Larsa and Babylon." Water History 12: 105-128. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020b. The Making of a Scribe: Errors, mistakes, and rounding numbers in the Old Babylonian kingdom of Larsa. Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 4. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020c. "Chapter 11 Connecting a Disconnect Can Evidence for a Scribal Education Be Found in a Professional Setting During the Old Babylonian Period?" In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Karine Chemla and Cécile Michel, In Why the sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 435-462. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. Forthcoming. "Reconstructing Professional Education in the Old Babylonian city of Lagaba." Overmann, Karenleigh A. 2018. "Updating the Abstract-Concrete Distinction in Ancient Near Eastern Numbers." Cuneiform Digital Library Journal 2018 (001). https://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2018/cdlj2018_001.html. Renn, Jürgen. 2019. The Evolution of Knowledge: Rethinking Science for the Anthropocene. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. Robson, Eleanor. 2008. Mathematics in Ancient Iraq: a Social History. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Rost, Stephanie. 2020. "Insights into the Administration of Ancient Irrigation Systems in Third Millennium BCE Mesopotamia." In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Cécile Michel and Karine Chemla, In Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 159-200. Cham: Springer. Sasson, J. 2002. "The Burden of Scribes." In Riches hidden in secret places: ancient Near Eastern studies in memory of Thorkild Jacobsen, edited by T. and T.I. Abusch T. Jacobsen, 211-228. Winona Lakes: Eisenbrauns. Veldhuis, N. 2014. History of the Cuneiform Lexical Tradition. Guides to the Mesopotamian Textual Record 6. Münster: Ugarit Verlag.

Bibliography:

Asper, Markus. 2009. "Chapter 2.1: The two cultures of mathematics in ancient Greece." In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics, edited by Eleanor Robson and Jackueline Stedall, 107-132. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cancik-Kirschbaum, E. 2012. "Writing, Language and Textuality: Conditions for the Transmission of Knowledge in the Ancient Near East." In The Globalization of Knowledge in History, edited by J. Renn, In Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge Studies 1, 125-151. Berlin: Edition Open Access. Delnero, Paul. 2012. "Memorization and the Transmission of Sumerian Literary Compositions." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 71: 189-208. Delnero, P. 2013. "Translating the Untranslatable: The Role of Akkadian in the Sumerian Liturgical Corpus." Plenary Talk: Session on Translation, American Oriental Society Annual Meeting. Held in Portland, Or, March 18, 2013. Jones, A. 2015. "Transmission of Babylonian Astronomy to Other Cultures." In Handbook of Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy,, edited by Clive L.N. Ruggles, 1877-1881. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. Høyrup, J. 2012. "A hypothetical history of Old Babylonian mathematics: places, passages, stages, development." Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Preprint 436: 1-20. Michel, Cécile, Robert Middeke-Conlin, and Christine Proust. 2020. "Chapter 2 A Comparative Study of Prices and Wages in Royal Inscriptions, Administrative Texts and Mathematical Texts in the Old Babylonian Kingdom of Larsa." In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Karine Chemla and Cécile Michel, In Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 51-80. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020a. "Planning a canal maintenance project in the kingdoms of Larsa and Babylon." Water History 12: 105-128. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020b. The Making of a Scribe: Errors, mistakes, and rounding numbers in the Old Babylonian kingdom of Larsa. Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 4. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. 2020c. "Chapter 11 Connecting a Disconnect Can Evidence for a Scribal Education Be Found in a Professional Setting During the Old Babylonian Period?" In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Karine Chemla and Cécile Michel, In Why the sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 435-462. Cham: Springer. Middeke-Conlin, Robert. Forthcoming. "Reconstructing Professional Education in the Old Babylonian city of Lagaba." Overmann, Karenleigh A. 2018. "Updating the Abstract-Concrete Distinction in Ancient Near Eastern Numbers." Cuneiform Digital Library Journal 2018 (001). https://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2018/cdlj2018_001.html. Renn, Jürgen. 2019. The Evolution of Knowledge: Rethinking Science for the Anthropocene. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. Robson, Eleanor. 2008. Mathematics in Ancient Iraq: a Social History. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Rost, Stephanie. 2020. "Insights into the Administration of Ancient Irrigation Systems in Third Millennium BCE Mesopotamia." In Mathematics, Administrative and Economic Activities in Ancient Worlds, edited by Cécile Michel and Karine Chemla, In Why the Sciences of the Ancient World Matter 5, 159-200. Cham: Springer. Sasson, J. 2002. "The Burden of Scribes." In Riches hidden in secret places: ancient Near Eastern studies in memory of Thorkild Jacobsen, edited by T. and T.I. Abusch T. Jacobsen, 211-228. Winona Lakes: Eisenbrauns. Veldhuis, N. 2014. History of the Cuneiform Lexical Tradition. Guides to the Mesopotamian Textual Record 6. Münster: Ugarit Verlag.

Tipo de oferecimento da disciplina:

Presencial

Class type:

Presencial