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Júpiter - Sistema de Graduação

Instituto de Relações Internacionais
 
Bacharelado em Relações Internacionais
 
Disciplina: BRI0069 - Narrativas nas Relações Internacionais
Narratives in International Relations

Créditos Aula: 4
Créditos Trabalho: 0
Carga Horária Total: 60 h
Tipo: Semestral
Ativação: 01/01/2017 Desativação:

Objetivos
Esta disciplina destina-se a demonstrar como os processos políticos e mudanças de relações de poder nas Relações Internacionais (RI) podem ser melhor compreendidos através da lente conceitual da narrativa. Na Parte I, o alunos serão familiarizados com o conceito de narrativa e suas origens. Na parte II, discutiremos os elementos-chave de diferentes tipos de narrativa, como tragédia, romance, sátira, ironia e linhas distópicos / utópicos narrativos que caracterizam parcelas de ficção científica. Parte III começa com uma análise do filme "Dr. Strangelove". Nas sessões subsequentes examinamos a política externa de vários estados e a política internacional de direitos humanos através da lente dos tipos de narrativas apresentadas na parte II. Os alunos irão aprender a analisar os processos políticos nas Relações Internacionais por meio de narrativas particulares e serão capazes de identificar narrativas chave em RI que moldaram a política global ea nossa compreensão das questões essenciais na teoria RI e RI em geral.
 
This course is intended to demonstrate how political processes and changing power relations in IR can be better understood through the conceptual lens of narrative. In part I, the student will be familiarised with the concept of narrative and its origins. In part II, we will discuss the key elements of different narrative types such as tragedy, romance, satire, irony and utopian/dystopian narrative lines characterising science fiction plots. Part III begins with an analysis of the film “Dr. Strangelove”. In the subsequent sessions we examine the foreign policy behaviour of various states and international human rights politics through the lens of the narrative types presented in part II. The students will learn to analyse political processes in IR through particular narratives and will be able to identify key narratives in IR which have shaped global politics and our understanding of essential issues in IR theory and IR.
 
 
Docente(s) Responsável(eis)
2112930 - João Paulo Candia Veiga
 
Programa Resumido
Como fazer sentido do mundo em que vivemos? Gabriel García Márquez disse uma vez que a vida não era sobre o que alguém viveu, mas sobre o que alguém se lembrou e como alguém lembrou-se de dizer isso. Assim, a vida nas palavras de Garcia Márquez é sobre como as pessoas se lembram, contam e recontam suas vidas, sobre como as pessoas constroem suas próprias histórias de vida. Entendemos e damos sentido ao mundo contando histórias sobre este mundo. Nós entendemos os processos políticos e as relações de poder entre os diferentes intervenientes nas Relações Internacionais através das histórias / narrativas de historiadores, acadêmicos, diplomatas e políticos que eles e elas contam e recontam. Também, nosso ponto de vista da teoria de RI é essencialmente formando e moldado pelas histórias contadas por particulares estudiosos da nossa área. Quando a AIDS eclodiu no início de 1980 sociedades inteiras teceram histórias sobre sua natureza misteriosa e ameaçadora para ser capaz de compreender e enfrentar as suas consequências devastadoras. O governo norte-americano justificou a sua guerra contra o terrorismo depois dos ataques terroristas de 11 de Setembro de 2001 contando uma história tão poderosa que a nossa opinião sobre o mundo continua estando presa por ela hoje. Histórias não só nos ajudam a dar sentido ao mundo. Histórias essencialmente fazem, formam e transformam o mundo. Elas influenciam nossos pensamentos e nosso comportamento. Elas influenciam a forma de como vemos os processos políticos e mudanças de relações de poder em RI. Elas influenciam a forma de como os cidadãos se vêem a sim mesmos.
 
How do we make sense of the world we live in? Gabriel Garcia Márquez once said that life was not about what someone lived, but about what someone remembered and how someone remembered it to tell it. So, life in Garcia Márquez’s words is about how people remember, tell and re-tell their lives, about how people construct their own life-stories. We understand and make sense of the world by telling stories about this world. We understand the political processes and power relations among different actors in IR through the stories historians, scholars, diplomats and politicians tell and re-tell. Our view of IR theory is essentially shaped by particular stories told by leading scholars of the field. When HIV/AIDS broke out in the early 1980s whole societies wove particular stories about its mysterious and threatening nature to be able to come to grips with its devastating consequences. When the US government justified its war on terror after the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, they told a story so powerful that our view on the world is still imprisoned by it today. Stories do not only help us to make sense of the world. Stories essentially make, shape and transform the world. They influence our thoughts and our behaviour. They influence how we view the political processes and changing power relations in IR. They influence how we citizens see ourselves.
 
 
Programa
Parte I: Narrativas: Compreendo o mundo em que vivemos Sessão 1: Introdução “The Danger of a Single Story” - TED Talk pela romancista nigeriana Chimamanda Adichie, “The Danger of a Single Story”, http://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story. Sessão 2: Narração e ação coletiva “The Storytelling Animal” Leitura: - Friedman, Matti (2014), “An Insider’s Guide to the Most Important Story on Earth”, available at http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/183033/israel-insider-guide. (OBLIGATORY READING FOR THE WHOLE CLASS) - Mayer, Federick W. (2014), “Constructing the Collective Good”, in: Narrative Politics. Stories and Collective Action, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.101-124. (GROUP 1) - Mayer, Federick W. (2014), “The Storytelling Animal”, in: Narrative Politics. Stories and Collective Action, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 53-78. (GROUP 2) Sessão 3: Narrativas na Grécia Antiga “The use of narrative in the Greek Polis” Leitura: - (Schupman, Benjamin A. (2012), “A Pessimism of Strength? Tragedy and Political Virtue”, in: Erskine, Toni and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds.), Tragedy and International Relations, New York: Palgrave, pp. 129-143. ) - Frost, Mervyn (2012), “Tragedy, Ethics and IR”, in: Erskine, Toni and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds.), Tragedy and International Relations, New York: Palgrave, pp. 21-43. (whole class) - Goff, B. (2009), Euripides: Trojan Women, London: Bloomsbury, Ch. 1. (whole class) - Thucydides: The Melian Dialogue / Pericles’ Funeral Oration Parte II: Tipos de narrativas diferentes e seus orígenes Sessão 4: A Tragêdia na teoria de RI “So tragic, our field of study!”: Leitura: Brown, Chris (2007), “Tragedy, ‘Tragic Choices’ and Contemporary International Political Theory”, International Relations, 21 (1), pp. 5-13. Grupo 1: - Lebow, Richard Ned (2003), “Hans J. Morgenthau”, in: The Tragic Vision of Politics. Ethics, Interests and Order, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 216-256. Grupo 2: - Mearsheimer, John (2001), The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Chapter 2 (Anarchy and the Struggle for Power) and 9 (The Causes of Great Power War). Sessão 5: Ironia e Sátira “Of clowns and fools” Leitura: - Kuusisto, Riika (2009), “Comic Plots as conflict resolution strategy”, European Journal of International Relations, 15 (4), pp. 601-626. Grupo 1: - Brassett, James (2009), “British irony, global justice: a pragmatic reading of Chris Brown, Banksy and Ricky Gervais”, Review of International Studies, 35 (1), pp. 219-245. Grupo 2: - Hall, Ian (2012), “The satiric vision of politics. Ethics, interests and disorder”, European Journal of International Relations, 20 (1), pp. 217-236. Sessão 6: Realidades utópicas e distópicas “The Brave New Worlds and their promises” Leitura: - Paik, Yonsuuk Peter (2010), From Utopia to Apocalypse: Science Fiction and the Politics of Catastrophe, University of Minnesota Press. - Neumann, Iver B. (2001), ‘Grab a Phaser, Ambassador’: Diplomacy in Star Treck, Millennium Journal of International Studies, 30 (3), pp. 603-624. - Deery, J. (1993), H.G. Well’s A Modern Utopia as a Work in Progress, Extrapolation, 34 (3). Parte III: Os heróis e vilões, os palháços e bobos na política global Sessão 7: Dr. Strangelove or: How I stopped worrying and Love the Bomb Apresentação do filme “Dr Strangelove”. Sessão 8: A pólitica externa do Brasil e da Índia Leitura: - Fraundorfer, Markus (2014), Global power shifts and transnational law. A case study of Brazil and the human right to health, in: Francis Snyder / Yi Lu (eds.), The Future of Transnational Law: EU, USA, China and the BRICS / L'avenir du droit transnational: UE, USA, Chine et les BRICS, Travaux de Droit International et Européen, Brussels: Bruylan, pp. 211-239. - Narlikar, Amrita (2014), Bargaining with a Rising India: Lessons from the Mahbharata, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. (chapters tbc) Sessão 9: Política externa estadounidense depois de 9/11 Leitura: - Krebs, Ronald (2015), “The Narrative Politics of the Battlefield”, in Narrative and the Making of US National Security, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 175 – 190. - Ringmar, Eric (2006), “Inter-Texual Relations: The Quarrel Over the Iraq War as a Conflict Between Narrative Types“, Cooperation and Conflict, 41 (4), pp. ----. - Reese, Steven D. and Lewis, Seth C. (2009), Framing the War on Terror. The internalization of policy in the US press, Journalism, 10 (6), available at http://journalism.utexas.edu/sites/journalism.utexas.edu/files/attachments/reese/framing-war-on-terror-sagepub.pdf Sessão 10: Epidemias globais e o nosso medo do vírus Leitura: - Sontag, Susan (1990), Aids and its metaphors, London: Penguin. - Abeysinghe, Sudeepa (2016), “Ebola at the borders. Newspaper representations and the politics of border control”, Third World Quarterly, 37 (3), pp. 452 – 467. Sessão 11: Ética Global, Democracia e Direitos Humanos Leitura: - Amstutz, Marc R. (2005), “Morality and Foreign Policy”, in: International Ethics. Concepts, Theories, and Cases in Global Politics, Rowman and Littlefield, pp.7-25. - Hurrell, Andrew (2002), “Norms and Ethics in International Relations”, in: Carlsnaes, Walter; Risse, Thomas and Simmons, Beth A. (eds) Handbook of International Relations, pp.137-153. - Ignatieff, Michael (2000), “Human Rights as Politics”, The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Princeton University, pp. 287-319, available at: http://tannerlectures.utah.edu/_documents/a-to-z/i/Ignatieff_01.pdf Sessão 12: Palestras dos estudantes Sessão 13: Palestras dos estudantes Sessão 14: Política Global: Uma arena de narrativas - “Lessons Learned” Session - Feedback Session
 
Part I: Narratives: Making sense of the world we live in Session 1: Introductory session The Danger of a Single Story - TED Talk by the Nigerian novelist Chimamanda Adichie, “The Danger of a Single Story”, available at http://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story. Session 2: Storytelling and collective action The Storytelling Animal Reading material: - Friedman, Matti (2014), “An Insider’s Guide to the Most Important Story on Earth”, available at http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/183033/israel-insider-guide. (OBLIGATORY READING FOR THE WHOLE CLASS) - Mayer, Federick W. (2014), “Constructing the Collective Good”, in: Narrative Politics. Stories and Collective Action, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.101-124. (GROUP 1) - Mayer, Federick W. (2014), “The Storytelling Animal”, in: Narrative Politics. Stories and Collective Action, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 53-78. (GROUP 2) Session 3: Narratives in Ancient Greece The use of narrative in the Greek Polis Reading material: - (Schupman, Benjamin A. (2012), “A Pessimism of Strength? Tragedy and Political Virtue”, in: Erskine, Toni and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds.), Tragedy and International Relations, New York: Palgrave, pp. 129-143. ) - Frost, Mervyn (2012), “Tragedy, Ethics and IR”, in: Erskine, Toni and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds.), Tragedy and International Relations, New York: Palgrave, pp. 21-43. (whole class) - Goff, B. (2009), Euripides: Trojan Women, London: Bloomsbury, Ch. 1. (whole class) - Thucydides: The Melian Dialogue / Pericles’ Funeral Oration Part II: Different narrative types and their origins Session 4: Tragedy in IR Theory So tragic, our field of study! Reading Material: Brown, Chris (2007), “Tragedy, ‘Tragic Choices’ and Contemporary International Political Theory”, International Relations, 21 (1), pp. 5-13. Group 1: - Lebow, Richard Ned (2003), “Hans J. Morgenthau”, in: The Tragic Vision of Politics. Ethics, Interests and Order, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 216-256. Group 2: - Mearsheimer, John (2001), The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Chapter 2 (Anarchy and the Struggle for Power) and 9 (The Causes of Great Power War). Session 5: Irony and Satire Of clowns and fools Reading material: - Kuusisto, Riika (2009), “Comic Plots as conflict resolution strategy”, European Journal of International Relations, 15 (4), pp. 601-626. Group 1: - Brassett, James (2009), “British irony, global justice: a pragmatic reading of Chris Brown, Banksy and Ricky Gervais”, Review of International Studies, 35 (1), pp. 219-245. Group 2: - Hall, Ian (2012), “The satiric vision of politics. Ethics, interests and disorder”, European Journal of International Relations, 20 (1), pp. 217-236. Session 6: Utopian and Dystopian Realities The Brave New Worlds and their promises - Paik, Yonsuuk Peter (2010), From Utopia to Apocalypse: Science Fiction and the Politics of Catastrophe, University of Minnesota Press. - Neumann, Iver B. (2001), ‘Grab a Phaser, Ambassador’: Diplomacy in Star Treck, Millennium Journal of International Studies, 30 (3), pp. 603-624. - Deery, J. (1993), H.G. Well’s A Modern Utopia as a Work in Progress, Extrapolation, 34 (3). Part III: The heroes and villains, the clowns and fools in global politics Session 7: Dr. Strangelove or: How I stopped worrying and Love the Bomb Showing the film “Dr Strangelove” about which the students will have to write a brief discussion paper. Session 8: The foreign policy behaviour of Brazil and India Reading material: - Fraundorfer, Markus (2014), Global power shifts and transnational law. A case study of Brazil and the human right to health, in: Francis Snyder / Yi Lu (eds.), The Future of Transnational Law: EU, USA, China and the BRICS / L'avenir du droit transnational: UE, USA, Chine et les BRICS, Travaux de Droit International et Européen, Brussels: Bruylan, pp. 211-239. - Narlikar, Amrita (2014), Bargaining with a Rising India: Lessons from the Mahbharata, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. (chapters tbc) Session 9: US foreign policy after 9/11 Reading material: - Krebs, Ronald (2015), “The Narrative Politics of the Battlefield”, in Narrative and the Making of US National Security, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 175 – 190. - Ringmar, Eric (2006), “Inter-Texual Relations: The Quarrel Over the Iraq War as a Conflict Between Narrative Types“, Cooperation and Conflict, 41 (4), pp. ----. - Reese, Steven D. and Lewis, Seth C. (2009), Framing the War on Terror. The internalization of policy in the US press, Journalism, 10 (6), available at http://journalism.utexas.edu/sites/journalism.utexas.edu/files/attachments/reese/framing-war-on-terror-sagepub.pdf Session 10: Global Health Epidemics and Our Fear of the Virus Reading material: - Sontag, Susan (1990), Aids and its metaphors, London: Penguin. - Abeysinghe, Sudeepa (2016), “Ebola at the borders. Newspaper representations and the politics of border control”, Third World Quarterly, 37 (3), pp. 452 – 467. Session 11: Global Ethics, Democracy and Human Rights Reading material: - Amstutz, Marc R. (2005), “Morality and Foreign Policy”, in: International Ethics. Concepts, Theories, and Cases in Global Politics, Rowman and Littlefield, pp.7-25. - Hurrell, Andrew (2002), “Norms and Ethics in International Relations”, in: Carlsnaes, Walter; Risse, Thomas and Simmons, Beth A. (eds) Handbook of International Relations, pp.137-153. - Ignatieff, Michael (2000), “Human Rights as Politics”, The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Princeton University, pp. 287-319, available at: http://tannerlectures.utah.edu/_documents/a-to-z/i/Ignatieff_01.pdf Session 12: Student Presentations Session 13: Student Presentations Session 14: Global Politics: An Arena of Narratives - “Lessons Learned” Session - Feedback Session
 
 
Avaliação
     
Método
Essa disciplina oferece uma mistura de leituras curtas, aulas teóricas, aulas práticas, seminários com trabalhos de grupo e debates, exibição e análise de um filme longo e vários fragmentos de filmes. Avaliacao dos alunos / das alunas - participação (nos debates e trabalhos de grupo) - apresentação - ensaio Devem ser compatíveis com as atividades exigidas dos alunos, conforme inciso 1º do artigo 65 do Regimento Geral da USP.
Critério
De acordo com o artigo 81 do Regimento Geral da USP.
Norma de Recuperação
Alunos com nota entre 3,0 e 4,9 e frequência mínima de 70% poderão participar da recuperação.
 
Bibliografia
     
Amsterdam, Anthony and Bruner, Jerome (2002), Minding the Law. How courts rely on storytelling, and how their stories change the ways we understand the law – and ourselves, Harvard: Harvard University Press. Arendt, Hannah (1998), The Human Condition, 2nd edition, University of Chicago Press. Barthes, Roland (1996), “Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narratives”, in: Onega, Susana and Garcia Landa, José Angel (eds), Narratology, New York: Longman, pp. 45-60. Bruner, Jerome (1991), “The Narrative Construction of Reality”, Critical Inquiry 18 (1), pp. 1-21. Butcher, Samuel Henry (2000), trans. The poetics of Aristotle, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University. Devetak, Richard (2005), “The Gothic scene of international relations: ghosts, monsters, terror and the sublime after September 11”, Review of International Studies, 31 (4), pp. 621–43. Devetak, Richard (2009), “After the Event. Don DeLillo's White Noise and September 11 Narratives”, Review of International Studies 35 (4), pp. 795-815. Erskine, Toni and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds) (2012), Tragedy and International Relations, New York: Palgrave. Frye, Northrop (1957), Anatomy of Criticism. Four Essays, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Gewirtz, Paul (1996), “Narrative and Rhetoric in the Law”, in: Brooks, Peter and Gewirtz, Paul (eds), Law’s Stories. Narrative and Rhetoric in the Law, New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Heathcote, Gina (2005), “Article 51 Self-Defense as a Narrative: Spectators and Heroes in International Law”, Texas Wesleyan Law Review, 12 (1), pp. 131-152. Hodges, Adam (2011), ‘The War on Terror’ Narrative. Discourse and Intertextuality in the Construction and Contestation of Sociopolitical Reality, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kamola, Isaac (2014), “The politics of knowledge production. On structure and the world of The Wire”, in Deylami, Shirin S. and Havercroft, Jonathan (eds), The Politics of HBO’s The Wire, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 59 – 86. Ringmar, Eric (2006), “Inter-Texual Relations: The Quarrel Over the Iraq War as a Conflict Between Narrative Types“, Cooperation and Conflict, 41 (4). Sheeran, Paul (2007), Literature and International Relations, Aldershot: Ashgate. Shenhav, Shaul R. (2006), “Political Narratives and Political Reality”, International Political Science Review 27 (3), pp. 245-262. Sontag, Susan (1986), The way we live now, available at http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic868218.files/Sontag_1986.pdf. Sontag, Susan (1990), AIDS and its metaphors, New York, Picador. Speight, Allen (2011), “Arendt on Narrative Theory and Practice”, College Literature 38 (1), pp. 115-130. Suganami, Hidemi (1997), “Narratives of War Origins and Endings: A Note on the End of the Cold War”, Millennium – Journal of International Studies 26 (3), pp. 631-649. Suganami, Hidemi (1999), “Agents, Structures, Narratives”, European Journal of International Relations, 5 (3), pp. 365-386. Suganami, Hidemi (2008), “Narrative Explanation and International Relations: Back to Basics”, Millennium - Journal of International Studies 37 (2), pp. 327-356. Tiefenbrun, Susan (2005), “The Failure of the International Laws of War and the Role of Art and Story-Telling as a Self-Help Remedy for Restorative Justice”, Texas Wesleyan Law Review, 12 (1). Todorov, Tzvetan (1984), The Conquest of America. The Question of the Other, New York: Harper & Row.
 

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